Taxation, Government Pensions, Morality…. Liberty!

ARTICLE SIGNED “VALERIUS POPLICOLA.”

[Boston Gazette, October 5, 1772.]

A Comparison to the Modern United States

The original letter after the “Comparison”

The Modern Day Comparison

Historical reference: The encroachments by the constitutionally established government in England continued to foster indignation among the general Citizenry.  The Colonial Patriots well knew the risk, hardships and blood spilt by their forefathers to secure the original Charters that allowed for self-governance and not allow the changes occurring in the late 1760’s and early 1770’s; that being the central government appointing governors, judges and taxing the colonies in a manner that was not accordance to even the English Constitution.  In comparison internationally, the Founders were also aware that the Parliament was exercising the same regulatory and taxing policies that were imposed on India via the East India Trading Company, which enslaved the people of India, destroyed their commerce and made many in Parliament wealthy.  This was the design for the Colonies, subjugation and pillaging of resources, labor and property while destroying religious liberty and instituting debauchery that then removes overall Liberty.  Remember, Lord North, who administered the government for England, “would never acquiesce in the absurd opinion “that all men are equal.””[1]  What was the moral perspective of that government in England in 1772 and how has the morality of the elected representatives in the present US degenerated to masters over economics for the modern “East India Trading” companies instead of preserving Liberty that fosters innovation, commerce and economy?

In reviewing the 20th and now the early 21st Centuries, it can be seen that the Citizenry lost their perspective as to who is the governing authority.  By the trickery and manipulation of education and media communication, the federal entities have, as did Parliament in my day, usurped the governing authority of We The People.  Instead of every individual participating in self-governance, the “princes” – the career politicians, instituted a centralized government by telling the people what they would do for them instead of the Citizenry telling the elect what to accomplish for the purposes of the States and then the nation in maintaining Principled Constitutional governance.  By this inverse of governance, the Citizenry have allowed elected Tyrants, as de Tocqueville said would happen, to revise the Constitution by amendment, bureaucratic regulation and now through the court decision – unlimited taxation.  Where is the moral character of the politician that would impose slavery on the Citizenry for the sake of the imagined “General Welfare”?  How is this reconciled today even as these ploys were questioned in 1772? Is not the modern Congress and Administrations the plunderers of the Citizenry?

What of modern mega-corporations, the Merchants of the present? As the small and medium businesses in the U.S. suffer the increase of regulations that are in all measures another form of taxation, the large internationalist corporations and global banking conglomerates have explicit relationships with the government to the detriment of private property and therefore Liberty.  The largeness of federal departments, not originated in the Constitution, are constitutors of rules that then increase the indebtedness of posterity by chaining this generation’s ability to be productive to controls over every aspect of life and livelihood.  Not only that, the organizing (unionization) of public employees is forcing local governments and therefore the people of the communities, into bankruptcy from the pensions that have in these modern centuries “multiplying like the Locusts in Egypt” devouring every green dollar of the Citizenry.  How long will We The People tolerate the Bondage of over-bloated government that is not preserving Liberty but continues to burden Citizens, especially the next generation, into slaves of debt?

Are not the Citizenry of these modern centuries calling, writing, and communicating with elected representatives and the administrations for deliverance of over-burdensome government?  Instead of a deaf Royal Ear or Heart, there is now the deaf and cold politicians who are easily corrupted by lobbyists and globalist concerns!  What must this modern population of 300 million now do to have their Remonstrance’s and Supplications heard and the elected adhere to First Principles of a limited Federal Constitution?

Where the very essence of the American Citizenry has Patriotism genetically imbued, the actuality of what Patriotism is happens to be manipulated by those who hold to a philosophy completely contrary to that of foundational truths.  Instead, the elite educators, industrialists, globalists and politicians have cajoled “We the People” into thinking that nationalism and patriotism is not loyalty and that we must become subservient to the greater needs of the global citizenry.  Yet our Loyalty is to our Rights given by our Creator through our Forefathers, bought with their very being and blood, that secured for us the Liberty in a uniting of the States in a Republican form of self-governance through the rule of law, and which is expressly founded on Judea-Christian principles.  We the People, now as in 1772, feel the indignity of excessive Revenues established by those who have “limited” authority to establish them but yet, “extorted from the People in a Manner most Odious, insulting and oppressive.”  And now with Nationalized healthcare, “Is Life, Property and every Thing dear and sacred, to be now submitted to the Decisions of PENSION’D JUDGES?”  Yes, under this Republic, it is We the People that are suppose to be the final arbiters of governance by out suffrage (vote).  Yet As then, even NOW, “To what a State of Infamy, Wretchedness and Misery shall we be reduced if our Judges shall be prevail upon to be thus degraded to Hirelings, and the Body of the People shall suffer their free Constitution to be overturned and ruined.”

WE the PEOPLE, must return to the coalescence that the “First Great Awakening” brought across the various congregations and denominations is such a way that all understood that Our Rights are God given, not man or government given.  To that the plea must be to the Eternal Sovereign, Oh Merciful God, inspire We the People with Wisdom and Fortitude, directing us to Your gracious Ends.  It was reality that the majority of the people had a clear understanding of morality and justice based on Biblical Principles that included the complete context of the Whole Bible, Old and New testaments, Not the humanist/Marxist concept of social justice that is predominant in modern religion.  It is the reality that God is Sovereign and that He takes an Active role in culture, world events, economy and politics that can only return the modern age to the Fundamental Principles of the Nations Founding.

As with the foundation, internationalists were raping the economy, the colonies experienced loss of trade, loss of industry and total economic distress. The 20th century moved from industrialization to the “modern mercantilism” with globalization rendering American core businesses impoverished as seen in 1772. Yet, the True leaders of that day understood that it was not the economy but Liberty that would revive the nation in every manner.  It was also clear that “wherever Tyranny is established, Immorality of every Kind comes in like a Torrent. It is in the Interest of Tyrants to reduce the People to Ignorance and Vice.”  This is being exemplified in every area that has decimated the American Culture: abortion, homosexuality, drugs and cultural degradation from other immoralities.

At this place in the comparison, as in 1772, the original words of Samuel Adams can only hold true and call all the Citizenry to Action!  The truths of the last paragraph in the article stand in completeness now as they did when published in October 5th 1772.

Remember the full affect of these words and Calls To Action:

“We are at this moment upon a precipice.  The next step may be fatal to us. Let us then act like wise Men; calmly look around us and consider what is best to be done. Let us converse together upon this most interesting Subject and open our minds freely to each other. Let it be the topic of conversation in every social Club. Let every Town assemble. Let Associations & Combinations be everywhere set up to consult and recover our just Rights.”

“Candidus”

The Original Letter

    (Emphasis added for moderns to show attention to Mr. Adams words & intents.)

ARTICLE SIGNED “VALERIUS POPLICOLA.”1

[Boston Gazette, October 5, 1772.]

Messieurs EDES & GILL,

“Is there a Prince on Earth, who has power to lay a single Penny upon his subjects, without the Grant and Consent of those who are to pay it, otherwise than by Tyranny and Violence? No Prince can levy it unless through Tyranny and under Penalty of Excommunication. But there are those who are Bruitish enough not to know what they can do or omit in this Affair.

Such is the language of a great and good Historian and Statesman, a Subject of France. Had the English Politicians and Ministers been either half as honest or half as wise as he, they would never have driven the American Revenue without the Grant or Consent of those who pay it, to such a length, as to cause an Alienation of affection which perhaps may not easily if ever be recovered. By this kind of politics, says the worthy Frenchman, Charles the seventh brought a heavy Sin upon his own Soul and upon that of his Successors, and gave his Kingdom a Wound which would continue long to bleed. The British Ministers, possibly, may entertain different Ideas of Morals from those of the French Historian, if indeed they have any such kind of ideas at all. However, the Nation, I fear, will have Occasion to rue the day, when they suffer’d their Politics so far to prevail, as to gain such an Influence in their Parliament as they certainly did in the last, to say nothing of the present. The Impositions upon the French, says Mr. Gordon,2 grew monstrous almost as soon as they grew arbitrary. Charles the seventh, who began them, never rais’d annually more than one hundred and eighty thousand Pounds. His Son Lewis the eleventh almost trebled the Revenue; and since then, all that the Kingdom and People had, even to their Skins, has hardly been thought sufficient for their Kings.” An awakening Caution to Americans! Lest by tamely submitting to be plundered, they encourage their Plunderers to grasp at all they have.

The Merchants of this Continent have passively submitted to the Indignity of a Tribute; and the Landholders, tho’ Sharers in the Indignity, have been perhaps too unconcern’d Spectators of the humiliating Scene. Posterity, who will no doubt revenge their Fathers Wrongs, may also be ashamed, when in the Page of History they are informed of their tame Subjection. Had the Body of this People shown a proper Resentment, at the time when the proud Taskmasters first made their appearance, we should never have seen Pensioners multiplying like the Locusts in Egypt, which devoured every green Thing. I speak with Assurance; because it seldom has happened if ever, that even a small People has been kept long in Bondage, when they have unitedly and perseveringly resolv’d to be Free.

At that critical Period, we hearkened to what we then took to be, the Dictates of sound policy and Prudence. We were led to place a Confidence in those, whose Protection we had a right to claim, and we hoped for Deliverance in dry Remonstrances and humble Supplication. We have petition’d, repeatedly petition’d, and our Petitions have been heard, barely heard! The Grievances of this Continent have no doubt “reached the Royal Ear”; I wish I could see reason to say they had touch’d the Royal Heart. No – They yet remain altogether unredress’d. Such has been the baneful Influence of corrupt and infamous Ministers and Servants of the Crown; that the Complaints of three Millions of loyal Subjects have not yet penetrated the Royal Breast, to move it even to pity.

Have not our humble Petitions, breathing a true Spirit of rational Loyalty, and expressive of a just Sense of those Liberties the Restoration of which we implored, been followed with Grievance upon Grievance, as fast as the cruel Heart and Hand of a most execrable Paricide could invent and fabricate them? I will not at present enumerate Grievances; they are known, sufficiently known, felt and understood. Is it not enough, to have a Governor, an avowed Advocate for ministerial Measures, and a most assiduous Instrument in carrying them on – moddel’d, shaped, controul’d, and directed-totally independant of the people over whom he is commissioned to govern, and yet absolutely dependent upon the Crown – pensioned by those on whom his existence depends, and paid out of a Revenue establish’d by those who have no Authority to establish it, and extorted from the People in a Manner most Odious, insulting and oppressive. Is not this, Indignity enough to be felt by those who have any feeling? Are we still threatned with more? Is Life, Property and every Thing dear and sacred, to be now submitted to the Decisions of PENSION’D JUDGES, holding their places during the pleasure of such a Governor, and a Council perhaps overawed! To what a State of Infamy, Wretchedness and Misery shall we be reduc’d if our Judges shall be prevail’d upon to be thus degraded to Hirelings, and the Body of the People shall suffer their free Constitution to be overturn’d and ruin’d.

Merciful GOD! Inspire Thy People with Wisdom and Fortitude, and direct them to gracious Ends. In this extreme Distress, when the Plan of Slavery seems nearly compleated, O save our Country from impending Ruin – Let not the iron Hand of Tyranny ravish our Laws and seize the Badge of Freedom, nor avow’d Corruption and the murderous Rage of lawless Power be ever seen on the sacred Seat of Justice!

Is it not High Time for the People of this Country explicitly to declare, whether they will be Freemen or Slaves? It is an important Question which ought to be decided. It concerns us more than any Thing in this Life. The Salvation of our Souls is interested in the Event: For wherever Tyranny is establish’d, Immorality of every Kind comes in like a Torrent. It is in the Interest of Tyrants to reduce the People to Ignorance and Vice.

For they cannot live in any Country where Virtue and Knowledge prevail. The Religion and public Liberty of a People are intimately connected; their Interests are interwoven, they cannot subsist separately; and therefore they rise and fall together. For this Reason, it is always observable, that those who are combin’d to destroy the People’s Liberties, practice every Art to poison their Morals. How greatly then does it concern us, at all Events, to put a Stop to the Progress of Tyranny. It is advanced already by far too many Strides. We are at this moment upon a precipice.  The next step may be fatal to us. Let us then act like wise Men; calmly look around us and consider what is best to be done. Let us converse together upon this most interesting Subject and open our minds freely to each other. Let it be the topic of conversation in every social Club. Let every Town assemble. Let Associations & Combinations be everywhere set up to consult and recover our just Rights.

” The Country claims our active Aid.

That let us roam; & where we find a Spark

Of public Virtue, blow it into Flame.”

VALERIUS POPLIC0LA.

 

1. Attributed to Adams by W. V. Wells.

2. Rev. William Gordon, of Roxbury, author of The History of the Rise, Progress, and Establishment, of the Independence of the United States of America.


[1] Great Americans of History, SAMUEL ADAMS, A CHARACTER SKETCH, BY SAMUEL FALLOWS, D.D., LL.D., 1903, pg. 45

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To Keep and Bear Arms

It has come to my attention that your present Administration is again attempting to remove the sovereign Right of the Citizens to keep and bear arms through an international body.  This is exactly what Parliament wanted to do with the Colonies, especially Massachusetts.  One of the reasons to attack Lexington and Concord was to capture our arm that have always been the last resort for the maintenance of our Liberty.  With this international attack being foisted upon you, I am leaving you with the notes and background to a talk I had with other Patriots that NO One has the authority to take, register or keep you from properly arming yourself and training in a military manner if need be!

       On the Right to Arms and the Defense of Liberty

This is the background notes to the talk given on April 30, 2011 at the 2nd Amendment Day Rally in Olympia, Wa.  The Talk was modified on the fly based on the details of history and other notable information spoken by the other speakers.

One of my biographers, Samuel Fallows said, “THERE is, properly speaking, no ancient history, no medieval history, no modern history. History is one.  The ages are all united. Assyria, Babylon, Egypt, Palestine, Greece, Rome, Holland, France, Spain, Germany and England, all have to do with the practical life of Americans to-day. Lessons of importance can be learned from each of them to help us act intelligently in performance of the duties devolved upon us.”[i]

In 1740 I wrote the pamphlet “Englishmen’s Rights” and my My  “Master Thesis:  Whether it be lawful to resist the Supreme Magistrate, if the Commonwealth cannot be otherwise Preserved?[ii]

In 1772 I wrote “The Rights of the Colonist”… Speaking of our right to free religious practice, individual liberty, Life and Property.

Upon this, the meeting adopted a “Declarartion,” in which it was resolved that the inhabitants of Boston, at the utmost peril of their lives and fortunes, maintain and defend their rights, liberties, privileges, and immunities.  Otis addressed the meeting, and pointing to the arms, ” These are the arms,” said he; “when an attempt is made upon your liberties, they will be delivered.[iii]

For it is certainly beyond human art (reason) and sophistry (fallacious arguments with the intention of deceiving) to prove that British subjects, to whom the privilege of possessing arms is expressly recognized by the Bill of Rights, and, who live in a province where the law requires them to be equip’d with arms, &c. are guilty of an illegal act, in calling upon one another to be provided with them, as the law directs. But if some are bold and base enough, where the interest of a whole country is at stake, to penetrate into the secrets of the human breast, to search for crimes, and to impute the worst of motives to actions strictly legal, whatever may be thought of their expediency, it is easy to re-criminate in the same way; …and one man has as good reason to affirm, that a few, in calling for a military force under pretence of supporting civil authority, secretly intended to introduce a general massacre, as another has to assert, that a number of loyal subjects, by calling upon one another to be provided with arms, according to law, intended to bring on an insurrection.[iv]

It is a regulation of the town, by long and approved custom, for the friends of persons in danger, formed into separate fire-societies, to take care of their moveable estate; so that we are happily free from any necessity of an armed force for that purpose, and the exactest military discipline can be of no service in supplying or working an engine.….. If his excellency should ever think himself at liberty to call another general court, and suffer them to meet in this metropolis, and the members of either house should happen to be disposed to FACTION, as has been said of them in times past, it is lucky enough, that the main guard, being already fix’d near the court-house, the soldiers may afford as & quot; ready assistance,& quot; with their arms and bayonets, to awe the assembly, as the picquet guard did at the late fire.[v]

At the British revolution, the British constitution was again restor‘d to its original principles, declared in the bill of rights; which was afterwards pass’d into a law, and stands as a bulwark to the natural rights of subjects. “To vindicate these rights, says Mr. Blackstone, when actually violated or attack’d, the subjects of England are entitled first to the regular administration and free course of justice in the courts of law – next to the right of petitioning the King and parliament for redress of grievances and lastly, to the right of having and using arms for self-preservation and defence.” These he calls “auxiliary subordinate rights, which serve principally as barriers to protect and maintain inviolate the three great and primary rights of personal security, personal liberty and private property“:  And that of having arms for their defence he tells us is “a public allowance, under due restrictions, of the natural right of resistance and self preservation, when the sanctions of society and laws are found insufficient to restrain the violence of oppression.”[vi]

That spirit which your Excellency tells us attacks reputations and pulls down houses, will yet be curbed by the law. The estates of the people will remain guarded from theft or open violence. There will be no danger of force of arms becoming the only governing power. Nor shall we realize what your Excellency is pleased to call a state of general out lawry.[vii]

Every one knows that the exercise of the military power is forever dangerous to civil rights; and we have had recent instances of violences that have been offer d to private subjects, and the last week, even to a magistrate in the execution of his office![viii]

Such violences are no more than might have been expected from military troops: A power, which is apt enough at all times to take a wanton lead, even when in the midst of civil society; but more especially so, when they are led to believe that they are become necessary, to awe a spirit of rebellion, and preserve peace and good order.[ix]

But there are some persons, who would, if possibly they could, perswade the people never to make use of their constitutional rights or terrify them from doing it. No wonder that a resolution of this town to keep arms for its own defence, should be represented as having at bottom a secret intention to oppose the landing of the King s troops: when those very persons, who gave it this colouring, had before represented the peoples petitioning their Sovereign, as proceeding from a factious and rebellious spirit; and would now insinuate that there is an impropriety in their addressing even a plantation Governor upon public business – Such are the times we are fallen into![x]

And if a Standing Army may not be posted upon the Subjects in one Part of the Empire, in a Time of Peace, without their Consent, there can be no Reason why it should in any other; for all British Subjects are or ought to be alike free.[xi]

The Governor in a former Letter to Lord Hillsborough mention d the Selectmens ordering the Arms belonging to the Town to be brought out and clean’d; and to make something of the Story, he told him that “they were expos d some Hours at the Town House“:  In this Letter he says “these Arms were deposited in Chests, and laid upon the Floor of the Town Hall to remind the People of the Use of them”. Could any one besides Governor Bernard, descend to so pitiful an Artifice as to insinuate that these Arms were clean’d, expos d to the People, and finally laid on the Floor of the Hall at this Juncture, to induce his Lordship to believe, that these were the Forces with which] the Faction appear d surrounded“, and that the Selectmen who are the principal City Magistrates, and the leading Part of the Town itself, were actually in the Plan which he had just before mentioned, as concerted in one of the private Meetings,“ to raise the Country & oppose the Troops“: And [28] that these Arms deposited in Chests were laid on the Floor of the Hall, to “remind the People of the Use of them,” and inspirit them for the Purpose of opposing the Troops. Whereas the simple Truth of the Matter is, these Arms had for many Years been deposited in Chests and laid on the Floor of the Town Hall ; but the Hall itself being burnt a few Years ago, the Arms were sav’d from the Ruins and carried to the Town House : After the Hall was Re-built the Town ordered their Removal there; and tho it happen’d to be done at a Juncture when the Governor and his Confederates talked much of the Town s revolting, there was no other Thought in the Minds of any, except the Governor and a few more, and it is a Question whether even he, or they, really thought otherwise, but to lodge them in their proper and usual Place.[xii]

Duty to his Majesty, and a Regard to our own Safety constrain us to Address your Honor, praying that you would be pleased (as soon as may be) to fill up the Vacancies in the several Regiments (wherever such Vacancies are) with such Persons as to your Honor shall seem meet: And that your Honor would be pleased to use your Endeavours that the several Officers carefully Discharge the Trust reposed in them. And should any Amendments in, or Addition to the Laws for regulating the Militia of this Province be thought needful[xiii]

The people of Massachusetts were meanwhile preparing for the approaching crisis. Military companies were organized, and everywhere men were learning the use of firearms under officers of their own choosing[xiv]

TO THOMAS YOUNG – I have written to our Friends to provide themselves without Delay with Arms & Ammunition, get well instructed in the military Art, embody themselves & prepare a complete Set of Rules that they may be ready in Case they are called to defend themselves against the violent Attacks of Despotism.  Surely the Laws of Self Preservation will warrant it in this Time of Danger & doubtful Expectation.[xv]

The seizure of the Colony’s powder; the dispersal of the Assembly; the erection of fortifications on Boston Common and the Neck; the violent appropriation of arms belonging to private persons; the pointing of cannon against the town;[xvi]

TO JONATHAN AUGUSTINE WASHINGTON. – When they are pushed by clear necessity for the defence of their liberties to the trial of arms, I trust in God, they will convince their friends and their enemies, of their military skill and valor.  Their constant prayer to God is, to prevent such necessity; but they are daily preparing for it. I rejoice with you, Sir, in most earnestly wishing for the speedy and full restoration of the rights of America, which are violated with so high and arbitrary a hand, and am, in behalf of the Committee, with great respect,[xvii]

…And it is recommended to the towns and districts in this Colony, that they encourage such persona as are skilled in the manufacturing of fire-arms and bayonets, diligently to apply themselves thereto, for supplying such of the inhabitants as may still be deficient.[xviii]

” And for the encouragement of American manufacturers of fire-arms and bayonets, it is further Resolved, That this Congress will give the preference to, and purchase from them so many effective arms and bayonets as can be delivered in a reasonable time, upon notice given to this Congress at its next session.

TO JAMES WARREN – It is certainly of the last Consequence to a free Country that the Militia, which is its natural Strength, should be kept upon the most advantageous Footing.  A standing Army, however necessary it may be at some times, is always dangerous to the Liberties of the People. Soldiers are apt to consider themselves as a Body distinct from the rest of the Citizens.  They have their Arms always in their hands. Their Rules and their Discipline is severe… The Militia is composd of free Citizens.   There is therefore no Danger of their making use of their Power to the destruction of their own Rights, or suffering others to invade them.[xix]

TO JOHN PITTS – I am much concernd to hear that the Tories in Boston & Massachusetts Bay have lately grown insolent & that no Measures are taken to suppress their Insolence. They are the most virulent, & I am of Opinion, the most dangerous Enemies of America.  They do not indeed openly appear in Arms, but they do more Mischief secretly. I am very apprehensive that they greatly operate to the preventing Inlistments and doing other essential Injury to our Cause.[xx]

 [NOVEMBER 1, 1777.]

[MS., Papers of the Continental Congress. Reports of Committees. No. 24, p. 431.]

Forasmuch as it is the indispensable Duty of all Men, to adore the superintending Providence of Almighty God:—To acknowledge with Gratitude their Obligation to Him for Benefits receivd, and to implore such further Blessings as they stand in Need of:—And, it having pleased Him in his abundant Mercy, not only to continue to us the innumerable Bounties of His common Providence; but also to smile upon us in the Prosecution of a just and necessary War for the Defence and Establishment of our unalienable Rights and Liberties. Particularly in that He hath been pleased, in so great a Measure to prosper the Means used for the Support of our Troops, and to crown our Arms with most signal Success.[xxi]

BOSTON, Nov. 21st, 1782  TO ARTHUR LEE – Our citizens are in more danger of being seduced by (human reason)art, than subjugated by arms. I give you this notice that you may have an opportunity of conversing on the subject in your patriotic circles (if you think it worth while) in season.[xxii]

 (Adams exerted himself to procure a formal remonstrance against it in the Massachusetts Legislature, and, in his capacity of Secretary of State, addressed the following letter to the Governor of Rhode Island.)  [xxiii]

It is, in the opinion of this Assembly, highly criminal for a citizen to be an indifferent spectator of the miseries of his country, much more to desert her while struggling for liberty, and still more to seek refuge in the very time of her conflict in the arms of her cruel and inveterate enemies. It cannot, then, be thought strange that those who love and revere their country feel an indignation against the men who have held her safety, her liberty, and her honor at so cheap a rate.[xxiv]

“And that the said Constitution be never construed to authorize Congress to infringe the just liberty of the press or the rights of conscience; or to prevent the people of the United States who are citizens from keeping their own arms; or to raise standing armies, unless when necessary for the defence of the United States, or of some one or more of them; or to prevent the people from petitioning, in a peaceable and orderly manner, the Federal Legislature for a redress of grievances; or to subject the people to unreasonable searches and seizures of their persons, papers, or possessions.”[xxv]

“If Heaven punishes communities for their vices, how sore must be the punishment of that community who think the rights of human nature not worth struggling for, and patiently submit to tyranny. I will rely upon it that New England will never incur the curse of Heaven for neglecting to defend her liberties. I pray God to increase their virtue, and make them happy in the full and quiet possession of those liberties they have so highly prized.”[xxvi]

1788 Mass convention reference – The wisdom of all these amendments, some of which had been canvassed in other States, was apparent when most of them were accepted by the nation; the first, third, sixth, seventh, and eighth clauses of the ” Conciliatory Propositions” being adopted as articles in the amendments to the United States Constitution; while the whole of Mr. Adams’s resolutions, above quoted, now form the first, second, third, and fourth articles.


[i]   Great Americans of History, SAMUEL ADAMS, A CHARACTER SKETCH, BY SAMUEL FALLOWS, D.D., LL.D., H. G. CAMPBELL PUBLISHING CO., MILWAUKEE. 1903

[ii]   Life & Public Service, Vol. I

[iii]  Life & Public Service, Vol. I pg. 213  (1768)

[iv]  ibid, Vol. I pg. 299 (1769)

[v]   ibid, Vol. I pg. 305

[vi]  ibid, Vol. I pg. 317-318

[vii] ibid, Vol. I pg. 16 (1765)

[viii] ibid

[ix]  ibid

[x]   ibid

[xi]  ibid, Vol. I   pg. 433 – 434 (1769)

[xii] ibid, Vol. II

[xiii] ibid, Vol. II pg. 36  (1770)

[xiv] ibid, Vol. II pr. 155 (1774)

[xv] ibid, Vol. III pg. 97  (1774)

[xvi] ibid, Vol. II pr. 155 (1774)

[xvii] ibid, Vol. III pg. 120  (1775)

[xviii] ibid, Vol. II pr. 273 (1775)

[xix] ibid, Vol. III pg. 137  (1776)

[xx] ibid, Vol. III pg. 172  (1777)

[xxi] ibid, Vol. III.

[xxii] ibid, Vol. IV pg. 156

[xxiii] ibid, Vol. III pg. 99  (1780)

[xxiv] ibid, Vol. III pg. 99  (1780)

[xxv] ibid, Vol. III pg. 267  (1788)

[xxvi] ibid, Life & Public Service Vol. II, pg. 456 (Dec 1776)

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Notes for the Declaration of Independence – 4th of July 2012 – Twinsburg, Ohio

You are called to the Liberty Tree and the Hall of Liberty as on Boston commons!

We who fostered the fight for Liberty sprung up from the Puritan Age, by 1750 all of New England were descendants of the 1620 to 1640.   Our descendants knew about Algernon Sydney who in stood against the “divine right of the king” and lost his head for it.

The Teutonic people handed down to their English descendants the “Folkmote,” which has been in the New England town-meeting.   All the people of the town were warned to attend a meeting when called upon by selectmen, who might act upon their own authority, or upon the application of a certain number of townsmen. All of the people were on a level of political equality. Each individual had the right of delivering his own opinion, no matter how poor and humble. Our New England town-meetings played a most important part in the history of American Independence.  Each New England town was called “an incorporated Republic.”

New England in particular has been Long in the fight for Liberty: Before Massachusetts was five years old and numbered five thousand souls, it was ready for war with King Charles.  For when our fore-fathers heard that a royal governor was to be sent from England in opposition to our charter, these patriots appropriated six hundred pounds to fortify Boston harbor.

We knew that kings were not the English People neither the selfish merchants and traders that sided with Parliament wanting to restrict on American Trade.  American Colonists, with the iron of the English common people in our blood, sent back defiant shouts to King and the men about him whom he had bought and corrupted, “Britons never, never will be slaves.”     

It was the narrow-minded, illiberal, self-seeking, ruling class that brought upon England her difficulties with us colonist and caused the separation.

I began the fight for Liberty in 1743 at my Masters Commencement with the topic being “Whether it be lawful to resist the supreme Magistrate, if the commonwealth cannot be otherwise preserved!”

This was

  • thirty-three years before the Declaration of Independence;
  • twenty-two before the Stamp Act ;
  • in the reign of George II.;
  • while Robert Walpole was Prime Minister;
  • when Washington, Patrick Henry, John Adams, Warren, and Hancock were children, and Jefferson, Gerry, and Quincy yet unborn.

Again, Being Against the CORE TRANSGRESSIONS where I was vigilant for Liberty:

  • Manufacturing shut down in 1750 – No steel or iron.
  • Banking transformed, bailed out in England by international bankers on the continent and shut down banks in the colonies. My Fathers Land bank suffered this humiliation.
  • 1765 – I wrote the RESOLUTIONS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF MASSACHUSETTS. OCTOBER 29, 1765. – 1. Resolved, That there are certain essential rights of the British Constitution of government, which are founded in the law of God and nature, and are the common rights of mankind, Rights are from God – No man can take property – all rights preserved in the Magna Charta – That by the declaration of the royal charter of this Province, the inhabitants are entitled to all the rights, liberties, and immunities of free and natural subjects of Great Britain to all intents, purposes, and constructions whatever.

It has always been clear to me That:

A man’s property is the fruit of his industry; and if it may be taken from him under any pretence whatever, at the will of another, he cannot be said to he free, for he labors like a bond slave, not for himself, but for another.    Or suppose his property comes by inheritance or free gift, it is absolutely his own; and it cannot rightly be taken from him without his consent.  This I take to be the commonly received opinion concerning liberty as regards taxation. And it is moreover generally understood, that upon this opinion the very being of a free government depends.

As to the continuing degradation that lead to the charges cited in the Declaration:

  • 1766 – Governor declared trade illegal and executed search and seizure in Boston.
  • 1768 – Quartering of troops in Boston
  • 1768 – the legislatures disbanded and the Colonial Charters repealed
  • We fought back with the Non-Importation agreement – 1771 – I lived Buy American!  I never wore nor permitted my family to wear English cloth.  I shout and communicated to all the colonies: “It behooves every American,” “to encourage home manufactures, that our oppressors may feel through their pockets the effects of their blind folly.”
  • All the Acts of Parliament – Stamp Act, Sugar Act… The Intolerable Acts!  Rules & Regulations impacting every aspect of the lives and Liberty of the Colonist.

I would always come back to: What is Liberty and the Rights of a Free People!

In all free states the constitution is fixed; it is from this that the legislative derives its authority therefore it cannot change the constitution without destroying its own foundation.

I am one of the most studied in Completely understanding the English Constitution and the Englishmen’s Rights.  Liberty is my ruling idea, Liberty in the sacred law.

THE GROUNDING LEADERS OF THE DAY – that united the core principles of the colonies more than anything else has been the teaching and leadership of Rev. Thomas Allen leader of “The Berkshire Constitutionalists”, Rev. John Wise, George Whitefield, Jonathan Edwards, Witherspoon, Andrew Elliot, Gilbert Tennent, Doctors Lowell, Cooper, my Father-in-law Checkley, Byles, Chauncy, Thacher, Prince, Mayhew and Mather.  It was the First Great Awakening that brought the minds and hearts of those in the Churches refreshed with the Pure Ideals of Liberty and a clear understanding that again, our Forefathers established New England on the Principles that there was No king but King Jesus.  The full truths of the Bible were refreshed and made active in the lives of the people uniting us in in Principles and Truth so that we could understand tyranny.

Refreshed in the understanding of UNALIENABLE RIGHTS I wrote:

If men, through fear, fraud, or mistake, should in terms renounce or give up any natural right, the eternal law of reason and the grand end of society would absolutely vacate such renounciation. The right to freedom being the gift of God, it is not in the power of man to alienate this gift and voluntarily become a slave.”

TEACHING THESE PRINCIPLES OF LIBERTY

I asked to speak about this Declaration of Independence and on August 1, 1776, from the steps of the Congress I spoke what I had written but you would not be able to sit for the two hour it took to deliver it all.  With that, here are some of the core concepts from my perspective on the Declaration: 

Our forefathers threw off the yoke of popery in religion: for you is reserved the honor of levelling the popery of politics.  They opened the Bible to all, and maintained the capacity of every man to judge for himself in religion.  Are we sufficient for the comprehension of the sublimest spiritual truths, and unequal to material and temporal ones?  Heaven hath trusted us with the management of things for eternity, and man denies us ability to judge of the present, or to know from our feelings the experience that will make us happy.  “You can discern,” say they, “objects distant and remote, but cannot perceive those within your grasp.  Let us have the distribution of present goods, and cut out and manage as you please the interests of the future.”  This day, I trust the reign of political protestantism will commence.  We have explored the temple of royalty, and found that the idol we have bowed down to, has eyes which see not, ears that hear not our prayers, and a heart like the nether millstone.  We have this day restored the Sovereign, to whom alone men ought to be obedient.  He reigns in Heaven, and with a favorable eye beholds his subjects assuming that freedom of thought, and dignity of self-direction which He bestowed on them.  From the rising to the setting sun, may His kingdom come.  

Having been a slave to the influence of opinions early acquired, and distinctions generally received, I am ever inclined not to despise but pity those who are yet in darkness.  But to the eye of reason what can be more clear, than that all men have an equal right to happiness?  Nature made no other distinction than that of higher or lower degrees of power of mind and body.  But what mysterious distribution of character has the craft of statesmen?

“Honour, justice and humanity call upon us to hold, and to transmit to our posterity, that liberty, which we received from our ancestors. It is not our duty to leave wealth to our children: but it is our duty, to leave liberty to them. No infamy, iniquity, or cruelty can exceed our own, if we, born and educated in a country of freedom, entitled to its blessings, and knowing their value, Lacking Courage we desert the post assigned to us by Divine Providence, surrender succeeding generations to a condition of wretchedness, from which no human efforts, in all probability, will be sufficient to extricate them; the experience of all states mournfully demonstrating to us, that when arbitrary power has been established over them, even the wisest and bravest nations, that ever flourished, have, in a few years, degenerated into abject and wretched vassals.” – (written for the Resolutions of Committee for the Province of Pennsylvania – 1774)

A political minister will study to lull us into security by granting us the full extent of our petitions. The warm sunshine of influence would melt down the virtue which the violence of the storm rendered more firm and unyielding. In a state of tranquility, wealth and luxury, our descendants would forget the arts of war and the noble activity and zeal which made their ancestors invincible.  Every art of corruption would be employed to loosen the bond of union which renders our resistance formidable. When the spirit of liberty which now animates our hearts and gives success to our arms is extinct, our numbers will accelerate our ruin, and render us easier victims to tyranny

If ye love wealth better than liberty, the tranquility of servitude than the animating contest of freedom, go from us in peace.   We ask not your counsels or arms.  Crouch down and lick the hands which feed you. May your chains set lightly upon you, and may posterity forget that ye were our country- men.

Courage, then, my countrymen! Our contest is not only whether we ourselves shall be free, but whether there shall be left to mankind an ayslum on earth for civil and religious liberty.       Dismissing, therefore, the justice of our cause as incontestable, the only question is. What is best for us to pursue in our present circumstances?

I Say Liberty!

For me, I will oppose tyranny at the threshold, though the fabric of liberty fall, and I perish in its ruins.  The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if men break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt.”

Now go and hear the word of this Declaration of Independence and seek Liberty!  Giving it to your posterity.

Published in: on July 4, 2012 at 4:59 am  Leave a Comment  
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